Titus Æ Sestertius. 80 AD.Greek archaic statue of Spes (Elpis)

Ancient Coins - Titus Æ Sestertius. 80 AD.Greek archaic statue of Spes (Elpis)
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Titus � Sestertius. 80 AD. IMP T CAES VESP AVG OM TR P P P COS VIII, laureate head right / S-C, Greek archaic statue of Spes (Elpis) walking left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt. Cohen 221. RIC100
Fine,   green-brown patina.

Titus was the elder son of Vespasian, serving as Caesar from 69-79 AD and as Augustus from 79-81 AD. He is known best for leading the army that capured Jerusulem during the First Jewish War, and for being the emperor when Vesuvius erupted and buried Pompeii. The Flavian Amphitheater (more commonly known as the Roman Collosseum) was dedicated by him, having been substantially funded by loot from the Temple in Jerusulem.
In Roman mythology, Spēs (IPA[speːs]) was the goddess of hope. She was traditionally defined as "the last goddess" (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men.

There was a temple to her in the Forum Holitorium.

In art, Spes was depicted hitching her skirt while holding a cornucopia and flowers.

Spes personified hope for good harvests, and for children, and was invoked at births, marriages, and other important times.

Her Greek equivalent was Elpis.


ELPIS was the spirit (daimona) of hope. She along with the other daimones were trapped in a jar by Zeus and entrusted to the care of the first woman Pandora. When she opened the vessel all of the spirits escaped except for Elpis (Hope) who alone remained to comfort mankind. Elpis was depicted as a young woman carrying flowers in her arms. Her opposite number was Moros, spirit of hopelessness and doom.

 

 

 

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