Gordian III AE23 of Deultum, Thrace. COL FL PAC DEVLT, Silenos standing left in large shoes with hand raised and wineskin over shoulder.

Ancient Coins - Gordian III AE23 of Deultum, Thrace.  COL FL PAC DEVLT, Silenos standing left in large shoes with hand raised and wineskin over shoulder.
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Gordian III AE23 of Deultum, Thrace. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed bust right / COL FL PAC DEVLT, Silenos or(Satir Marsyas) standing left in large shoes with hand raised and wineskin over shoulder. deultum AE23 Moushmov 3718. No.1437. nVF/gFine.  Varbanov 2795

Silenos was an elderly satyr god of drunkeness. He was a companion of Dionysos and the grandfather of the tribe of Satyrs.

This depiction of Silenos with huge shoes is probably a reference to his heavy-footed dancing in this story...

�When he [Dionysos] had ended his speech [declaring a dancing competition at the funeral of Staphylos a king and friend of Dionysos], up rose horned Seilenos, and antediluvian Maron got up on heavy foot, with his eyes on the great mixer of shining gold [offered as prize]: not because the golden was the better, but because this alone contained the oldest wine and the finest stuff, filling it to the brim ... [Maron dances first in the contest then Seilenos] Now Seilenos danced: his hand without speech traced the cues of his art in all their intricate mazes. This is what he acted with gesturing hands: how once a great quarrel arose between Kyrene�s son [Aristaios] and Dionysos over their cups, and the Blessed gathered together. There was no boxing, no running, no quoit in that contest: cups were the well-used tools ready for Phoibos�s son and Dionysos, and a couple of mixingbowls, one containing old wine, one with the gift of the sprigloving bee all fresh ... So horned Seilenos wove his web with neat-handed skill, and his right hand ceased to move. Then fixing his gaze on the sky, he leapt into the air with bounding shoe. Now he clapt both feet together, then parted them, and went hopping from foot to foot; now over the floor he twirled dancing round and round upright upon his heels and spun in a circling sweep. He stood steady on his right foot holding a toe of the other foot, or bent his knee and caught it in his clasping hands, or held an outstretched thigh with the other leg upright, the heavyknee Seilenos! He lifted the left foot coiling up to the side, to the shoulder, twining it behind him and holding it up until he brought the sole round his neck. Then with a quick turn of the back-swerving dance, he artfully bent himself over, face up, in a hoop, showing his belly spread out and curved up towards the sky, while he spun round and round on one unchanging spot. His head hung down as he moved, as if it were always touching the ground and yet not grazing the dust. So Seilenos went scratching the ground with hairy foot, restlessly moving round and round in his wild caperings. At last his knees failed him; with shaking head he slipt to the ground and rolled over on his back. At once he became a river: his body was flowing water with natural ripples all over, his forehead changed to a winding current with the horns for waves, the turbulent swell came to a crest on his head, his belly sank into the sand, a deep place for fishes. As Seilenos lay spread, his hair changed into natural rushes, and over the river his pipes made a shrill tune of themselves as the breezes touched them. �Dionysiaca 19.158f

MARSYAS was a Phrygian Satyr who first composed tunes for the flute. He obtained his instrument from Athena, who had invented the device but discarded it in her displeasure over the bloating effect on the cheeks. Later, in hubristic pride over the new-found music, Marsyas dared challenge the god Apollon to a contest. The Satyr inevitably lost, when, in the second round, the god demanded they play their instruments upsidedown--a feat ill-suited to the flute. As punishment for his presumption, Apollon had Marsyas tied to a tree and flayed him alive. The rustic gods in their pity then transformed him into a mountain stream.

The story of Marsyas' musical contest with Apollon was sometimes applied to the Arkadian god Pan. The satyr was also connected with the flute-playing Tityroi which formed part of the train of the god Dionysos.
From:http://www.theoi.com/

Prezzo SKU : 1437
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