Gordian III Æ 27mm of Hadrianopolis, Thrace. Tetrastyle temple containing standing figure of Tyche.

Ancient Coins - Gordian III Æ 27mm of Hadrianopolis, Thrace. Tetrastyle temple containing standing figure of Tyche.
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Gordian III � 27mm of Hadrianopolis, Thrace. Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / ADRIANOPOLE, ITWN below, tetrastyle temple containing standing figure of Tyche. BMC 41. hadrianopolis AE27 Mionnet 789.Varbanov3856.  VF, weakly struck but rare!!R4

Tyche

The Tyche of Antioch, Roman copy of a bronze by Eutychides (Galleria dei Candelabri, Vatican Museums).

In ancient Greek city cults, Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city). In literature, she might be given various genealogies, as a daughter of Hermes and Aphrodite, or considered as one of the Oceanids, daughters of Oceanus and Tethys or Zeus Pindar. She was connected with Nemesis and Agathos Daimon ("good spirit").

Tyche appears on many coins of the Hellenistic period in the three centuries before the Christian era, especially from cities in the Aegean. Unpredictable turns of fortune drive the complicated plotlines of Hellenistic Romances, such as Leucippe and Clitophon or Daphnis and Chloe. She experienced a resurgence in another era of uneasy change, the final days of publicly-sanctioned Paganism, between the late-fourth-century emperors Julian and Theodosius I who definitively closed the temples. The effectiveness of her capricious power even achieved respectability in philosophical circles during that generation, though among poets it was a commonplace to revile her for a fickle harlot.[1] She had temples at Caesarea Maritima, Antioch, Alexandria and Constantinople.

In medieval art, she was depicted as carrying a cornucopia, an emblematic ship's rudder, and the wheel of fortune, or she may stand on the wheel, presiding over the entire circle of fate. In the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara, Tyche became closely associated with the Buddhist ogress Hariti.

The Greek historian Polybius believed that when no cause can be discovered to events such as floods, drought or frosts then the cause of these events may be fairly attributed to Tyche.[2]

Prezzo SKU : 1451
US$ 145.00
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Quotazione: 09/29/20

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