Caracalla Denarius. 217 AD, last year of reign.UNPUBLISHED.RRRR

Ancient Coins - Caracalla Denarius. 217 AD, last year of reign.UNPUBLISHED.RRRR
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Caracalla Denarius. 217 AD, last year of reign. ANTONINVS PIVS AVGERM, laureate head right / P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Sol standing facing, head left, with raised hand & globe.  EF and UNPUBLISHED...RRRR

Caracalla (ruled 188-217 AD) was the nickname of the Roman emperor who ruled as Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Originally named Bassianus, he was born in Gaul, and was nicknamed Caracalla because he introduced into Roman fashion a long cloak or tunic from Gaul called the caracalla. When his father, Septimius Severus, died in 211, Caracalla became joint emperor with his younger brother, Publius Septimius Geta. In 212 Caracalla became sole emperor after murdering Geta in their mother's arms, and arranging the massacre of thousands of Geta's followers.

Caracalla's reign was marked by cruelty, extravagance, and treachery, but he followed his father's advice to treat the soldiers well, and he was well loved by the army. He increased their pay and introduced the double denarius, also known as the Antoninianus in his honor, presumeably to facilitate this military pay raise.

On his birthday, April 4th, 217 AD, while campaigning against the Parthians, as he stopped to empty his bladder on the road to Carrhae, he fell victim to a plot engineered by Macrinus, who was Praetorian Prefect. He was assassinated by one Julius Martialis, who bore a grudge against Caracalla for having passed him over for promotion to centurion, and Macrinus immediate seized power.



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Quotazione: 07/31/21

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