ANTONIA MINOR,Daughter of Marc Antony , wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, mother of Germanicus and Claudius Æ Dupondius.

Ancient Coins - ANTONIA MINOR,Daughter of Marc Antony , wife of Nero Claudius Drusus,  mother of Germanicus and Claudius Æ Dupondius.
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ANTONIA MINOR, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, �mother of Germanicus 
and Claudius. Died 37 AD. � Dupondius . Rome mint. Struck 
under Claudius, 41-42 AD. Draped bust right / Claudius, �veiled, 
standing left, holding simpulum. RIC I 92(Claudius); von Kaenel Type 15; 
BMCRE 166; Cohen 6 corr. (rev. legend).Good F, dark brown surfaces,
porosity on reverse. Rare.

Antonia Minor

Antonia Minor (PIR2 A 885), also known as Antonia the Younger or simply Antonia
(31 January 36 BCE-September/October 37CE) was a daughter of Roman politician Mark Antony
and Octavia Minor, sister of emperor Augustus, and mother of future emperor Claudius.

Antonia is one of the most prominent Roman women. She is celebrated for her virtue and beauty. She was
the youngest daughter to Octavia Minor and Mark Antony and was also the favorite niece of her mother�s younger
brother, Rome�s first Emperor Augustus.
Birth and early life

She was born in Athens, Greece and after 36 BCE was brought to Rome by her mother and her
siblings. Antonia never had the chance to know her father, Mark Antony, who divorced her
mother in 32 BCE and committed suicide in 30 BCE. She was raised by her mother, her uncle
and her aunt, Livia Drusilla. Due to inheritances, she owned properties in Italy, Greece and

Egypt. She was a wealthy and influential woman who often received people, who were visiting
Rome. Antonia had many male friends and they included wealthy Jewish freeman Tiberius Drusus
Alexander and Lucius Vitellius, a consul and father of future Emperor Aulus Vitellius.


Marriage to Drusus

In 16 BCE, she married the Roman general and consul Nero Claudius Drusus. Drusus was the
stepson of her uncle Augustus, second son to Livia Drusilla and brother to future Emperor Tiberius.
They had several children, but only three survived. Their children were the famous general Germanicus,
Livilla and the Roman Emperor Claudius. Antonia was grandmother to Emperor Caligula, Empress
Agrippina the Younger and great-grandmother and great-aunt to Emperor Nero. Drusus died in June 9 BCE in
Germany, due to complications from injuries he sustained after falling from a horse. After his death, although
pressured by her uncle to remarry, she never did.

Antonia raised her children in Rome and had Tiberius as their guardian. Germanicus died in
19CE. On the orders of Tiberius and Livia Drusilla, Antonia was forbidden to go to his funeral.
When Livia Drusilla died in June 29CE, Antonia took care of Caligula, Julia Agrippina, Julia Drusilla,
Julia Livilla
and later Claudia Antonia, her younger grandchildren.


Antonia's children

Germanicus was very popular among the citizens of Rome, who enthusiastically celebrated all his victories.
He was also a favourite with Augustus, his grandfather-in-law, who, for some time, considered him as heir to
the Empire. He was married to Agrippina the Elder, daughter of Julia the Elder (Augustus's own daughter) and
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. He had nine children by Agrippina but only six lived to adulthood. They were
Nero Caesar, Drusus Caesar, Gaius Caesar (Caligula), Julia Agrippina, Julia Drusilla and Julia Livilla. In 4CE,
Augustus finally decided in favour of Tiberius, his stepson, but he was compelled to adopt Germanicus as a son
and name him his heir. After the death of Augustus in 14CE, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the
forces in Germania. Tiberius was made emperor, but he was highly unpopular and the legions rioted on the news.
Refusing to accept Tiberius, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. However, Germanicus refused.
Germanicus died in Antioch, Syria in 19CE, a year after he defeated the kingdoms of Cappadocia and Commagene.
His death was surrounded by speculation, and several sources refer to claims that he was poisoned by Gnaeus
Calpurnius Piso
, governor of Syria, under orders of the emperor Tiberius.

In 31CE, Antonia exposed a plot by her daughter Livilla and Tiberius� notorious Praetorian prefect, Sejanus, to murder
the Emperor Tiberius and Caligula and to seize the throne for themselves. Livilla had poisoned her husband,
Drusus Julius Caesar, Tiberius' son, in order to remove rivals. Sejanus was murdered on Tiberius�s orders and
Livilla was handed over to her formidable mother. Cassius Dio states that Antonia imprisoned Livilla in her room and
allowed her to starve to death. After Livilla's death, Antonia's only remaining child was Claudius. Due to his constant
illnesses and physical disabilities, she would constantly put him down. She would say a monster: a man whom nature
had not finished but had merely begun
or, when accusing anyone of stupidity, would exclaim, he is a bigger fool even t
han my son Claudius!


Succession of Caligula and death

When Tiberius died, Caligula became emperor in March 37CE. Caligula awarded her a senatorial decree, granting her all
the honors that Livia Drusilla had received in her lifetime. She was also offered the title of Augusta, previously only given
to Augustus's wife Livia, but rejected it.

Six months into his reign, Caligula became seriously ill and never recovered. Antonia would often offer him advice. He once
told her, I can treat anyone exactly as I please!.

Having had enough of Caligula�s anger at her criticisms and of his behaviour, she committed suicide. Suetonius�s Caligula,
clause 23, mentions how he might have poisoned her.

When his grandmother Antonia asked for a private interview, he refused it except in the presence of the prefect Macro,
and by such indignities and annoyances he caused her death; although some think that he also gave her poison. After she
was dead, he paid her no honour, but viewed her burning pyre from his dining-room.

When Claudius became emperor after his nephew�s assassination in 41CE, he gave his mother the title of Augusta. Her birthday
became a public holiday, which had yearly games and public sacrifices held. An image of her was paraded in a carriage.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



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