Amisos AE22. Head of young Dionisos / Cista mystica, monogram left

Ancient Coins - Amisos AE22. Head of young Dionisos / Cista mystica, monogram left
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Sg3640 of Pontos, Amisos

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                            ASIA MINOR
                              PONTUS
                              AMISOS
                 Founded circa the 6th Century BC

                        Late 2nd Century BC

                               AE22
                    Bronze 8.3 grams, 22.33mm

      Obverse: Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy
        Reverse: Greek legend: AMISOY beneath cista mystica
              Thyrsos behind. Monogram in left field

                       Reference: Sear 3640
                     Grade: About Uncirculated

                   Well struck and well centered
                with a beautiful smooth brown patina. 
         Scarce in this grade and a very desirable coin!.

Cista or Cista mystica), a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a serpent, representing the god, was carried in a box called a cista on a bed of vine leaves. This may be the Cista mentioned by Clement of Alexandria which was exhibited as containing the phallus of Dionysus. The cista mentioned in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, the missing phallus of Osiris. The fertility festival of the women of Arretophoria included cereal paste images �of serpents and forms of men,� in other words, phallic symbols.

Several ancient dignitaries put about the rumour that they had been fathered by a god in serpent form. The emperor Augustus was said to have been fathered by a snake, and his mother never afterwards lost the marks of its embrace. A serpent was said to have been found beside the sleeping Olympias, mother of Alexander the Great. Her husband, Philip of Macedon, is reputed never to have coupled with the 'Bride of the Serpent' again. Alexander is sometimes connected with the horned serpent. The healer god, Asclepios, is said to have fathered a son on a woman who is depicted in Asclepios's temple at Sicyon as sitting on a serpent. Barren women often sought help at the temples of Asclepios to sleep in the precincts of the abaton. So the Idolatry involved is that of fertility, to the land or to the Empire, or Emperor.

Prezzo SKU : 3331
US$ 125.00
  • € 105.28
  • £ 89.58
  • AUD 169.10
  • CHF 113.57
  • CAD 155.90

Quotazione: 07/29/21

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