Alexander The Great AE18. Head of Herakles in lionskin headdress

Ancient Coins - Alexander The Great AE18. Head of Herakles in lionskin headdress
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The accession of Phiip II to the Macedonian trone in 359 B.C marked the beginning of a new chapter in the history of the GREEK WORLD. His ambition was the conquest of the Persian Empire. The assassin` s sword  prevented Philip from realizing this dream(336 B.C.). The invasion of ASIA was undertaken by his son ALEXANDER known to posterity as �the Great�.
Alexander The Great AE18. Head of Herakles in lionskin headdress / ALEXANDROU between club and bow in case.
Alexander the Great
Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Pharaoh of Egypt, Shahanshah of Persia
Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. From Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Naples National Archaeological Museum.
Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. From Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Naples National Archaeological Museum.
Reign 336-323 BC
Predecessor Philip II
Successor Alexander IV
Spouse Roxana of Bactria
Stateira of Persia
Issue
Alexander IV
Father Philip II of Macedon
Mother Olympias of Epirus
Born July 20, 356 BC
Pella, Macedon
Died June 10 or June 11, 323 BC (aged 32)
Babylon
[show]
v  d  e
Chaeronea (338 BC) � Thebes (338 BC) � Granicus (334 BC) � Miletus (334 BC) � Halicarnassus (334 BC) � Issus (333 BC) � Tyre (332 BC) � Gaza (332 BC) � Gaugamela (331 BC) � Persian Gate (330 BC) � Sogdian Rock (327 BC) � Aornos (327 BC) � Hydaspes (325 BC) � Malli (325 BC)

Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας or Μέγας Ἀλέξανδρος,[1] M�gas Al�xandros; 356 BC � 323 BC),[2] also known as Alexander III of Macedon (Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' ὁ Μακεδών) was an ancient Greek[3] King (basileus) of Macedon (336�323 BC). He was one of the most successful military commanders of all time and is presumed undefeated in battle. By the time of his death, he had conquered (see Wars of Alexander the Great) most of the known world (as known to the ancient Greeks).[4][5][n 1]

Alexander assumed the kingship of Macedon following the death of his father Philip II, who had unified[6] most of the city-states of mainland Greece under Macedonian hegemony in a federation called the League of Corinth.[7] After reconfirming Macedonian rule by quashing a rebellion of southern Greek city-states and staging a short but bloody excursion against Macedon's northern neighbours, Alexander set out east against the Achaemenid Persian Empire, which he defeated and overthrew. His conquests included Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, Gaza, Egypt, Bactria and Mesopotamia, and he extended the boundaries of his own empire as far as Punjab, India.

Alexander had already made plans prior to his death for military and mercantile expansions into the Arabian peninsula, after which he was to turn his armies to the west (Carthage, Rome and the Iberian Peninsula). His original vision, however, had been to the east, to the ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea, as is described by his boyhood tutor and mentor Aristotle.

Alexander integrated many foreigners into his army, leading some scholars to credit him with a "policy of fusion". He also encouraged marriages between his soldiers and foreigners, and he himself went on to marry two foreign princesses.

Alexander died after twelve years of constant military campaigning, possibly a result of malaria, poisoning, typhoid fever, viral encephalitis or the consequences of alcoholism.[8][9] His legacy and conquests lived on long after him and ushered in centuries of Greek settlement and cultural influence over distant areas. This period is known as the Hellenistic period, which featured a combination of Greek, Middle Eastern and Indian culture. Alexander himself featured prominently in the history and myth of both Greek and non-Greek cultures. His exploits inspired a literary tradition in which he appeared as a legendary hero in the tradition of Achilles.[10]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

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