ITEM #31124 TIMURID (IRAN) SHAHRUKH (AH 807-850) AR TANKA, Kirman MINT, DATED 832AH (AD1430), ALBUM #2405, RARE MINT!!

World Coins - ITEM #31124 TIMURID (IRAN) SHAHRUKH (AH 807-850) AR TANKA, Kirman MINT, DATED 832AH (AD1430), ALBUM #2405, RARE MINT!!
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Timurid
SHAHRUKH AH807-850 (AD1405-1447)

Ruler's name & His Reign: Shahrukh, (AD1405-1447)

Mint: Kirman, scarce mint AH832 (AD1430) کرمان
Metal & Denomination: Silver tanka (reform type)
Size: 24 mm.
Weight: 5.20 gr.

Obverse: The name and the titles of the ruler, with mint in the center and date in Arabic numbers below.

Reverse: The usual Sunni legends a square, surrounded by the the names of the 4 caliphs at each 4 corners (off center)

Reference: Album #2405

Notes: Kirman is in the southern part of Iran and is the capital of the province with the same name.

Historical Comments: Shāhrūkh Mīrzā (Farsi: شاه رخ Shāhrukh Mīrzā, also known as Shāhrūh or Shāh Rukh, in Persian meaning Spirit(rūh) of a King (Shāh)) (August 20, 1377 - March 12, 1447), was the ruler of the eastern portion of the empire established by Timur (Tamerlane), governing most of Iran and Transoxiana between 1405 and 1447. He was the fourth and youngest son of the Central Asian war-lord Timur - the founder of the Timurid dynasty - and one of his Persian wives.

After Timur's death in1405, his empire fell apart with various tribes and warlords competing for dominance. The Black Sheep Turkmen destroyed the western empire in1410 when they captured Baghdad, but in Persia and Transoxiana Shāhrukhwasable to secure effective control from about 1409. His empire controlled the main trade routes between East and West, including the legendary Silk Road, and became immensely wealthy as a result.

The devastation of Persia's main cities led to the cultural center of the empire shifting to Samarqand in modern Uzbekistan and Herat in modern Afghanistan. Shāhrukh chose to have his capital not in Samarqand, but in Herat. This was to become the political center of the Timurid Empire, and prescience of his principal successors, though bothcities benefited from the wealth and privilege of Shāhrukh's court,which was a great patron of the arts and sciences.

His wife, Gowhar Shād, funded the construction of two outstanding mosques and theological colleges in Mashhad and Herāt. The Gowhar-Shād-Mosque was finished in 1418. The mixed ethnic origins of the ruling dynasty led to a distinctive character in its cultural outlook, which was a combination of Persian civilization and art, with borrowings from China, and literature written in Persian as well as Turkic and Arabic.

Shāhrukh died during a journey in Persia and was succeeded by his son,Mohammad Taragae Uluğ Bēg, who had been viceroy of Transoxiana during his father's lifetime.

For more information on Timurid go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timurids

Prix SKU: 31124
US$ 50.00
  • € 41.24
  • £ 35.50
  • AUD 64.48
  • CHF 45.17
  • CAD 60.63

Cotation au: 05/16/21

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