INDIA, MUGHAL, Jahangir AV Zodiac mohur, of Taurus, Agra, 1030/16, GREAT RARITY!

World Coins - INDIA, MUGHAL, Jahangir AV Zodiac mohur, of Taurus, Agra, 1030/16, GREAT RARITY!
zoom view
Obverse Humped bull standing right, radiate solar disc behind, all within double-ruled and dotted border
Reverse Persian legend in four sections: zar zewar dar Agra ruye yaft az Jahangir Shah Akbar Shah (received ornament on gold at Agra from Jahangir Shah [son of] Akbar Shah), AH date 1030 in third section and regnal year 16 in lowest panel; all within double-ruled and dotted border
Date AH 1030 (= 1620-21 CE)
Weight 10.73 gm.
Diameter 21 mm.
Die axis 1 o'clock
Reference KM 180.5
Comments
Description borrowed from listing of Triton XIX, lot 2400:
 
Previously to this, the rule of the coinage was that on the face of the metal they stamped my name, and on the reverse the name of the place and the year of the reign. At this time it entered my mind that in place of the month they should substitute the figure of the constellation which belonged to that month...in each month that was struck, the figure of the constellation was to be on one face, as if the sun was emerging from it.

The Memoirs of Jahangir [Tuzk-e Jahangiri] (Entry for 20 March 1619)

In the 29th year of his reign, the Mughal emperor Akbar (1556-1605) established the Din-e Ilahi (literally faith of God), a syncretic belief system that incorporated elements of the different religious beliefs in his empire. Immediately thereafter, Akbar began counting his reign in accordance with the tenets this new belief system. Known as the Ilahi Era, dating was now based on a solar, rather than lunar, calendar with the year divided into twelve Ilahi months.

Akbar’s early successors continued to employ this dating system. Jahangir (1605-1628), Akbar’s son and immediate successor, used the Ilahi Era to great artistic effect by issuing two series of mohurs that incorporated Ilahi Era elements. The earliest series, known as the portrait series, since the coins show the emperor on the obverse, all show the constellation Leo superimposed over the sun – a reference to Jahangir’s birth in August. This series was struck within a three-year span early in Jahangir’s reign and are quite rare. The second series, known as the zodiac series, since each of the twelve constellations of the Zodiac is represented on the reverse, was a much larger series. Struck both in gold and silver, the zodiac series was issued from several mints (with Agra being the primary), and like the previous series, minted over three or four years. Since the Ilahi months were solar months and corresponded with the solar ecliptic (an imaginary line in the sky that marks the annual path of the sun), each month was represented by an appropriate sign of the Zodiac, recording its particular month of issue.

Because many of these coins had been recalled and melted by Jahangir’s successor, Shah Jahan, original strikes (like this coin) are very rare and are highly sought after.
 
From my personal collection, and on permanent display on the Jahangir page on the CoinIndia website. Purchased from Stephen Album in April 2000 (List 160, lot 41).
 
Another image of the coin in different light is offered below:
 
 
World Coins - INDIA, MUGHAL, Jahangir AV Zodiac mohur, of Taurus, Agra, 1030/16, GREAT RARITY!
Prix SKU: 180.1
US$ 125,000.00
  • € 103,087.50
  • £ 88,362.50
  • AUD 161,725.00
  • CHF 112,200.00
  • CAD 151,412.50

Cotation au: 06/13/21

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