The Token: America's Other Money COAC Proceedings No. 10 edited by Richard G. Doty - Ex Bruce R. Brace Library

US Coins - The Token: America's Other Money COAC Proceedings No. 10 edited by Richard G. Doty - Ex Bruce R. Brace Library
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The American Numismatic Society, New York, 1994. 224p, many b/w plates. Brown cloth, VEry Fine copy. Ex. Bruce R. Brace Library.

Papers drawn from the Coinage of the Americas Conference (COAC) held in 1994. Contents: The History and Die Varieties of the Higley Coppers, The Theatre at New York, Two Coins in One: Large Cents with Interesting Counterstamps, The Promotion and Suppression of Hard Times Tokens, Early Transportation Tokens and Tickets of New York City, A.M. (M.A.)

Abrahams and His Tokens, U.S. Civil War Tokens, John Gault and J.C. Ayer: Encased Postage Stamp Maker and his Largest Client, Struck Copies of Early American Tokens, and An Overview of United States Tokens 1700-1900.

The Token: America's Other Money
Richard G. Doty, ed.
Coinage of the Americas Conference
Proceedings No. 10 (New York, The American Numismatic Society 1995) illus.
ISBN 0-89722-260-1.


FREIDUS, DANIEL. The History and Die Varieties of the Higley Coppers.

This article summarizes ongoing research on this privately issued copper token, dated 1737-39, attributed to Samuel Higley of Simsbury, Connecticut. The historical overview is based on primary and secondary sources, including letters of Massachusetts Governor Jonathan Belcher, lessee of another copper mine in Simsbury. Evidence suggests that Higley was responsible for locally mining copper, smelting ore, preparing steel dies, and striking these copper tokens. The die study includes a catalogue of die varieties and a census of known specimens. Research discussed also includes elemental analysis using neutron activation analysis.

KLEEBERG, JOHN M. The Theatre at New York.

The author corrects the recently revived misattribution of the New York Theatre token to the John Street Theatre and explains why the traditional attribution, to the First Park Theatre, is correct. The article discusses and reproduces the iconographic source for the token, the gatefold by Tisdale in Longworth's New York City Directory of 1797. The diesinker of the token is tentatively identified as Benjamin Jacob, and his iconographic methods, as seen on other Conder tokens, discussed. The article also treats other numismatic items associated with the Park Theatre, including the ADMIT and PAID tokens of 1817.

BOWERS, Q. DAVID. Two Coins in One: Large Cents with Interesting Counterstamps.

This overview of counterstamped U.S. large cents provides an outline of a major study on the subject which the author has long contemplated writing. The nature and variety of counterstamping is discussed; statistical data are offered for the frequency of issue of counterstamped large cents; and various insights are provided regarding the issuers, whose identity is often the result of painstaking study. Three typical research problems are outlined by way of examples. Finally, a gallery of over 40 illustrations is presented with explanatory comments.

NEWMAN, ERIC P. The Promotion and Suppression of Hard Times Tokens.

The author quotes citations from newspapers and religious news media revealing the first evidence of the 1838 female (HT-81, Low 54) and male (HT-82, Low 54a) anti-slavery tokens, thereby confirming the source and propaganda intention of these tokens. He also cites several examples of advertising for many varieties of satirical copper tokens used during the Panic of 1837 to pass for one cent each, detailed in contemporary newspaper advertising and editorial comment. This is followed by a discussion of the effort of the U.S. government to stop the practice on the ground of illegality.

CUHAJ, GEORGE S. Early Transportation Tokens and Tickets of New York City.

The author traces the companies employing early horsecar tokens and the additional companies and routes of the time-how they developed in the growing city before the Civil War era, and the massive expansion during the decades of the 1870s into the 1890s. The use and economics of tokens and paper tickets for local travel are discussed.

LEONARD, ROBERT D. A.M. (M.A.) Abrahams and His Tokens.

The author delineates the life and career of Abraham M. Abrahams, a mid-nineteenth century merchant and entrepreneur whose businesses centered on Independence, MO, and environs. Brass tokens he issued for his outfitting stores exist in two varieties, for The Peoples Outfitting Store in Independence and in Weston. That the obverse reads A.M. Abrahams is attributed to a die sinker's error; likewise the die sinker probably erred in using Weston rather than Westport, MO, now part of Kansas City, MO, where Abrahams owned property and did business. A corpus of the tokens is included.

FULD, GEORGE. U. S. Civil War Tokens.

The historical background of U.S. Civil War tokens is explored, outlining the changes in currency brought about by the War, the necessity of issuing tokens, and geographical areas of issue. Issuers of tokens, methods of distribution and a brief history of the Scovill Manufacturing Co. are given, together with discussion of the metals employed, with data on determining the metal non-destructively. A comprehensive bibliography of the literature prior to 1970 is also given.

HOMREN, WAYNE. John Gault and J.C. Ayer: Encased Postage Stamp Maker and His Largest Client.

The author discusses the investion and manufacture of the encased postage stamp by John Gault as a substitute for small change during the U.S. Civil War, and the life of James C. Ayer, a physician who specialized in patent medicines. Realizing the advertising potential of Gault's invention, Ayer became his largest customer.

REIVER, JULIUS. Struck Copies of Early American Tokens.

The author describes a number of interesting copies of early tokens by Bolen, Betts, and others. Identifying marks indicate that these pieces were not intended to deceive the collector but rather to serve as substitutes for the less accessible genuine token.

RULAU, RUSSELL. An Overview of United States Tokens, 1700-1900.

The author defines tokens as a class, and distinguishes tokens, medals, and coins. He traces the beginnings of tokens in Spanish America ca. 1550 and in English America about 1714; reviews Hard Times, Civil War and post-Civil War token emissions; and summarizes the current status, healthy in his opinion, of token research in the U.S.

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Cotation au: 06/04/20

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