CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD. (AV Solidus 4.44g 22mm 11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5] TRICENNALIA ISSUE Antioch mint (Struck 335-336 AD.)

Ancient Coins - CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]  "TRICENNALIA ISSUE" Antioch mint (Struck 335-336 AD.)
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CONSTANTINE I,  307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h)  Tricennalia issue   (Antioch mint   Struck 335-336 AD.)                          OBV. CONSTANTI NVS MAX AVG, Rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.                                                                                  RV.  VICTORIA CO NSTANTINI AVG, Victory advancing left, holding trophy with right hand and cradling palm frond with left arm; to right, VOT/XXX in two lines.  SMAN in exergue.                 RIC VII 96     Depeyrot 46/1   Biaggi 2013   EXTREMELY FINE                                   (Ex. Roma X  September 27, 2015  lot  #878.)  [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]
Constantine later declared before the Fathers assembled at Nicaea that, if the Romans had slain as many barbarians as they had slaughtered Christians during the reign of Diocletian, there would be no barbarians left to threaten the safety of the empire. 
         At the time of his death, Constantine I had recently celebrated thirty years as emperor, and Constantine II twenty years as Caesar.  Constantine I had also successfully reconquered Dacia by 336, a province that was relinquished under Aurelian sixty years before.
         With such impiety pervading the human race, and the State threatened with destruction, what relief did God devise?...I myself was the instrument he chose....Thus, beginning at the remote Ocean of Britain, where the sun sinks beneath the horizon in obedience to the law of Nature, with God's help I banished and eliminated every form of evil then prevailing, in the hope that the human race, enlightened through me, might be recalled to a proper observance of God's holy laws.
                                                                                                                     Constantine the Great, quoted by Eusebius, De Vita Constantini, II, 28.
                                                                                                       Eusebius states that; "Constantine built magnificent churches in; Constantinople, Nicomedia, The Metropolitan Church at Antioch, The Church of the Passion in Jerusalem, and three in Jerusalem which marked the birthplace, deathplace, and assumption of Christ. These he built to the honor of that faith which had made him so mighty & bestowed upon him such strength..."  Constantine I was the first beardless emperor since Trajan.
     The Basilica of St. John Lateran is the cathedral of Rome. It was built during the reign of Constantine I & was consecrated by Pope Sylvester I in 324. This feast was later made a universal celebration in honor of the basilica called "the mother and mistress of all the churches of Rome & the world" (omnium urbis et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput) as a sign of love for & union with the See of Peter. 
      St. Blase, 316 - bishop & martyr, enjoyed widespread veneration in both the Eastern & Western Churches due to many cures attributed to him. According to tradition, he was Bishop of Sebaste in Armenia & was martyred under Licinius.
      St. George, martyr +303,  lived shortly before Constantine's I reign. Popular tradition presents St. George as the knight who killed the dragon, making him a symbol of a triumph of faith against the forces of evil. He was born into an illustrious family in Cappadocia and at a young age was raised to the ministry during Emperor Diocletian's reign. When the emperor promulgated an edict against the Christians, St. George professed his faith publicly, for which he was martyred. He is a patron saint of England, Portugal, Germany, Aragon, Genoa, & Venice, His tomb is in Lod, near Tel Aviv, in Israel.
      St. Athanasius, 297-373, was bishop of Alexandria, Egypt and became the champion of the faith against Arianism in the Council of Nicaea, a council of Christian bishops, convened by Constantine I in 325 AD. He suffered much persecution, including 17 years of exile, for resisting compromise in essentials of the faith. He wrote many outstanding works on apologetics. St. Nicholas was also present at the council of Nicaea where he signed the document affirming the divinity of Christ. He served as Bishop of Myra (in what is now Turkey) and is known especially for his compassion for the poor.
      St. Catherine of Alexandria, +310, was a virgin & martyr. According to tradition, St. Catherine was a woman remarkable for her courage & learning. She denounced the emperor Maxentius in person, and when she refused to apostatize, he had her put in prison. From prison Catherine successfully converted the emperor's wife as well as two hundred of his soldiers before he had her killed. St. Catherine is the patron saint of philosophers, maidens, & preachers.  
 
      "The Edict of Milan was the watershed declaration of 313 AD. by which emperors Constantine I and Licinius granted legal rights to Christians. Beginning in 286, Diocletian attempted a dramatic renovation of the empire, including a revived sacralization of the sovereigns, whose adoration ensured the “pax deorum and therefore the safety of the empire and its inhabitants.” For several religious groups, including Christians, this was intolerable, eventually resulting in an attempt to demolish the Church by prohibiting the liturgy, confiscating property, denying legal recourse, and execution. While persecution ended in 311 with Galerius requesting “the faithful not do anything against the public order and … pray to ‘their God’ for its safety,” acceptance of Christianity as religio licita “continued to maintain that it was an inalienable prerogative of imperial power to ‘manage’ the relationship between the divine sphere and the subjects of the empire.” But, the Edict of Milan was the “dawn of religious freedom” insofar as it differentiated the juridical and religious dimensions and recognized, within the limits of its time, the secularism of the state, consequently granting freedom of religion for all, equally, without distinction. Or, in the words of the Edict itself, “we … grant both to the Christians and to all men freedom to follow the religion which they choose … each one should have the liberty of choosing and worshiping whatever deity he pleases.” While Galerius still judged the pax deorum to depend on the power of the state, Constantine and Licinius claim no divinity for themselves but recognize “the absolute freedom of the divinity itself” in requiring worship. That is, while the Edict of Milan still intends that “whatever heavenly divinity exists may be propitious” to the empire—a pax deorum—now the deity rather than the sovereign determines the licitness of religion."  Cardinal Scola 
 
The Mulvian bridge where Constantine fought Maxentius.
A bust of Constantine I in Rome.
A bronze in York, England marking the location where Constantine I was proclaimed Augustus. 
A mosaic of Constantine I inside Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. 
 

Ancient Coins - CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]
Ancient Coins - CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]
Ancient Coins - CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]
Ancient Coins - CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 307/310-337 AD.  (AV Solidus 4.44g  22mm  11h) [NGC AU 5/5-4/5]
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