CARACALLA (198-217). Denarius. Rome.

Ancient Coins -  CARACALLA (198-217). Denarius. Rome.
zoom view

Laureate head right.
Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.

RIC 223.

Condition: Extremely fine, lustrous.

Weight: 3.54 g.
Diameter: 20 mm.

Caracalla(/ˌkærəˈkælə/;Latin:Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus;[1]4 April 188 – 8 April 217), formally known asAntoninus, wasRoman emperorfrom 198 to 217 AD. He was a member of theSeveran Dynasty, the elder son ofSeptimius SeverusandJulia Domna. Co-ruler with his father from 198, he continued to rule with his brotherGeta, emperor from 209, after their father's death in 211. He had his brother murdered later that year, and reigned afterwards as sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Caracalla's reign was marked by domestic instability and external invasions from the Germanic people. Caracalla's reign was notable for theAntonine Constitution(Latin:Constitutio Antoniniana), also known as theEdict of Caracalla, which grantedRoman citizenshipto nearly all freemen throughout theRoman Empire. The edict gave all the enfranchised men Caracalla's adoptedpraenomenandnomen: "Marcus Aurelius". Domestically, Caracalla was known for the construction of theBaths of Caracalla, which became the second-largest baths in Rome; for the introduction of a new Roman currency named theantoninianus, a sort of doubledenarius; and for the massacres he enacted against the people of Rome and elsewhere in the empire. Towards the end of his rule, Caracalla began a campaign against theParthian Empire. He did not see this campaign through to completion due to his assassination by a disaffected soldier in 217. He was succeeded as emperor byMacrinusafter three days. Caracalla is presented in ancient sources as a tyrant and cruel leader, an image that has survived into modernity. Dio CassiusandHerodianpresent Caracalla as a soldier first and emperor second. In the 12th century,Geoffrey of Monmouthstarted the legend of Caracalla's role as the king of Britain. Later, in the 18th century, Caracalla's memory was revived in the works of French artists due to the parallels between Caracalla's apparent tyranny and that ofKing Louis XVI. Modern works continue to portray Caracalla as a psychopathic and evil ruler. His rule is remembered as being one of the most tyrannical of all Roman emperors.

Price SKU: 0103
  • US$ 170.31
  • £ 129.42
  • AUD 239.99
  • CHF 170.07
  • CAD 226.88

Rates for: 03/20/19

Ships from: Austria