Pella Macedonia 148-31 BC AE21 Helmeted Head of Athena / Ox Grazing

Ancient Coins - Pella Macedonia 148-31 BC AE21 Helmeted Head of Athena / Ox Grazing
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Pella, Macedonia, c. 148 - 31 B.C.
 
GB91496. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Cop 266 ff. (various monograms); SNG ANS 598 ff. (same); BMC Macedonia p. 91, 17 ff. (same); HGC 3 615, F, dark patina, porous, light earthen deposits, obverse off center, 8.681g, 20.4mm, 180o, Pella mint, head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a griffin and foreparts of horses (as on contemporary Athenian tetradrachms); reverse ox grazing right, ΠΕΛ/ΛΗΣ above and below, monograms right and below (controls); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection
 
Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as `now insignificant, with very few inhabitants.` The reverse type alludes to a local tradition that the original name of Pella was Bounomos, which means `grazing ox.`
Price SKU: GB91496
US$ 52.00
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