Augustus AR Denarius.Gaius & Lucius

Ancient Coins - Augustus AR Denarius.Gaius & Lucius
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Augustus Denarius. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ("Pd"), X between. BMC 538, RSC 43d. VF

Gaius was adopted along with his brother Lucius Caesar in 17 BC by their maternal grandfather, the Roman Emperor Augustus, who named the two boys his heirs. In 6 BC the Roman plebs agitated for Gaius to be created consul, despite the fact that he was only 14 and had not yet assumed the toga virilis. As a compromise, it was agreed that he should have the right to sit in the Senate House, and he was made consul designatus with the intention that he should assume the consulship in his twentieth year. Gaius was at this point created "Prince of Youth" ("princeps iuventutis"), an honorific that made him one of the symbolic heads of the equestrian order. Lucius, three years his junior, was granted the same honours after the appropriate interval had elapsed. Temples and statues were erected in their honour (as in the case of the Maison Carr�e in Nimes). In 1 BC he was made army commander and with the king Ariobarzanes, whom he gave power over the Armenians and offered an island to the Euphrates. In 1 AD, he was made Consul with Lucius Aemilius Paullus as his colleague.

Gaius Caesar

In 1 BC, he married his relative, Livilla, daughter of Drusus the Elder and Antonia Minor. This union had no issue.[2]

Lucius died in AD 2 and Gaius died two years later in Lycia at the age of 24, after being wounded during a campaign in Artagira, Armenia.[3]

The death of both Gaius and Lucius, the Emperor's two most favored heirs, compelled Augustus to adopt his stepson, Tiberius, and his sole remaining grandson, Postumus Agrippa as his new respective heirs.

Lucius Julius Caesar (17 BC-2), most commonly known as Lucius Caesar, was the second son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. He was born with the name Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa, but when he was adopted by his maternal grandfather Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus, his name was changed to Lucius Julius Caesar. In the year of his birth, his maternal grandfather Caesar Augustus adopted him and his brother Gaius Caesar. He and his brother were raised and educated by their grandparents.

(17 BC-2), most commonly known as , was the second son of and . He was born with the name , but when he was adopted by his maternal grandfather Roman Emperor Caesar , his name was changed to . In the year of his birth, his maternal grandfather Caesar adopted him and his brother . He and his brother were raised and educated by their grandparents.

As he and Gaius were the heirs to Augustus they had promising legal and military careers. Lucius died in Gaul of an illness in 2 A.D., 18 months before the death of his brother Gaius. Tiberius in turn was adopted as Augustus' son and heir.

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