(VIDEO incl.) Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes), SC 2061.4e, Date 138-129 BC, Silver Tetradrachm Antiochia Seleucid, Athene Nikephoros


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  • Wechselkurs: 3/28/2023
  • SKU: SELESC2061-4e

Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes)
Tetradrachm of the Seleucid Empire Period 138/129 BC
Material: Silver
Diameter: 29mm
Weight: 16.36g
Mint: Antiochia ad Orontem, Seleucid Empire
Reference: SC 2061.4e, HGC 9 1067d
Provenance: Ex Private Collection Germany
One of the most beautiful specimens I have seen from Antiochos VIII. Extremely beautifully detailed and above all expressive portrait. The reverse is rich in detail and very fine. Very beautiful toning. Outstanding quality. A truly magnificent specimen that is very rare on the market in this condition.
You can see the diademed head of Antiochos VII to right.
Athena Nikephorus standing to the left holding a spear and shield. Two monograms and A on the fields. The inscription reads: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ for Basileos Antiochou Eurgetou (Basileús Antíochos ho Eurgetou / King Antiochos the Benefactor).
Antiochos VII Euergetes, also called Antiochos Sidetes, reigned as king of the Seleucid Empire from 138 to 129 BC and is considered the last important ruler of this Hellenistic state. After the capture of his brother, the Seleucid king Demetrios II, by the Parthians, Antiochos, who had until then grown up abroad, laid claim to rule in his paternal kingdom. With the support of Demetrios' wife Cleopatra Thea, he was able to prevail in a military conflict against Diodotos Tryphon, his brother's previous rival for the throne. He thus ended the long-lasting civil wars in the Seleucid Empire, which only broke out again after his death. To legitimise his rule, he married his sister-in-law Cleopatra Thea.
In his nine-year reign, Antiochos strove with some success to reverse the massive territorial and authority losses of the previous decades. Of the numerous wars he waged to this end, only the one against the Maccabean independence movement in Palestine is known in more detail. This conflict resulted in a siege of Jerusalem lasting several months, which was ended with a compromise. In the peace treaty concluded, the Jews were able to maintain their internal autonomy, but were firmly reintegrated into the Seleucid Empire.
In 131 BC, Antiochos finally began a large-scale campaign against the Parthian Arsacids, the most aggressive enemies of the Seleucid Empire at the time, who had conquered economically very important Mesopotamia a few years earlier. The military advance was initially extremely successful: in the first year of the war, his army brought Mesopotamia back under its control, and in the second it advanced as far as the Parthian heartland southeast of the Caspian Sea. Antiochos rejected a peace offer from the Arsacids. This proved to be a mistake. While his soldiers were decentralised into winter camps, the Parthian king Phraates II organised a joint uprising of many cities in the region and then led his counter-attack, in which the militarily now much weaker Antiochos was defeated and lost his life. His brother Demetrios, whom Phraates had released shortly before, probably for tactical reasons, then entered his second reign in the Seleucid Empire. In the following years, however, the empire shrank again to a comparatively small area in Syria, Cilicia and Coilesyria.
Nikephoros (Greek: "victory bringer", from nike "victory" and phoreo "bring, carry", Latin form: Nikephorus or Nicephorus) is an epithet of the Greek goddess Athena.
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