Item #2072 Sasanian Empire, Khosrow II (Khusru) II (AD 591-628) Parviz, Very Rare (RR) AE unit (pashiz), Nishapur 595 AD? (year 4?), Sellwood #64, (type II)/ GOBL: SC II/3

Ancient Coins - Item #2072 Sasanian Empire, Khosrow II (Khusru) II (AD 591-628) Parviz, Very Rare (RR) AE unit (pashiz), Nishapur 595 AD? (year 4?), Sellwood #64, (type II)/ GOBL: SC II/3
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SASANIAN EMPIRE

Khosrow Parviz  خسرو پرویز
 
Ruler's name & His Reign: Khosrow II (AD 591-628) (Khusru II) "PARVIZ"
Mint: NIHCH Nishapur (Nishabur) Year 4?
Metal & Denomination: AE unit (pashiz)
Size:
14 mm.
Weight:
0.73 gr.
Obverse: Bust right with star and crescent on right before forehead and a star behind the neck on left with king's name in Pahlavi legend in front.
Reverse:
Fire altar with two attendants on each side. mint name on right in Pahlavi legend.
Reference: Sellwood #64, (type II)/ GOBL: SC II/3 (plate 14) #216/ Valentine #51
 
Notes: A similar coin to this coin is listed in ISC by Sellwood as #64
 
Comments:

Khosrow II (Chosroes II in classical sources; Middle Persian: Husrō(y)), also known as Khosrow Parviz (New Persian: خسرو پرویز, "Khosrow the Victorious"), was the last great Sasanian king (shah) of Iran, ruling from 590 to 628, with an interruption of one year.

He was the son of Hormizd IV (reigned 579–590) and the grandson of Khosrow I (reigned 531–579). Khosrow II was the last king of Iran to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his execution. He lost his throne, then recovered it with Roman help, and, a decade later, went on to emulate the feats of the Achaemenids, conquering the rich Roman provinces of the Middle East; much of his reign was spent in wars with the Byzantine Empire and struggling against usurpers such as Bahram Chobin and Vistahm.

During the climactic Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, Khosrow expanded deep into western Asia Minor, eventually besieging the Byzantine capital of Constantinople in 626 alongside Avar and Slavic allies. Following the failure of the siege, Heraclius started a counterattack, undoing all territorial gains by Khosrow in the Levant, most of Anatolia, the western Caucasus, and Egypt, eventually marching into the Sassanian capital of Ctesiphon. The Byzantines also regained the True Cross, which Khosrow had captured following his conquest of the Levant during the same 602–628 war.

In works of Persian literature such as the Shahnameh and Khosrow and Shirin, a famous tragic romance by Nizami Ganjavi (1141–1209), a highly elaborated fictional version of Khosrow's life made him one of the greatest heroes of the culture, as much as a lover as a king. Khosrow and Shirin tells the story of his love for the Aramean or Roman princess Shirin, who becomes his queen after a lengthy courtship strewn with mishaps and difficulties.

价格 品种: 2072
US$ 115.00
  • € 96.46
  • £ 86.27
  • AUD 156.09
  • CHF 104.43
  • CAD 149.49

利率: 11/30/20

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