Item #20102 Sasanian, Hormizd IV (Hurmuz), AD 579-590, AR drachm, WYHC mint for Ktesiphon, dated AD 584, Gobl SN I/1

Ancient Coins - Item #20102 Sasanian, Hormizd IV (Hurmuz), AD 579-590, AR drachm, WYHC mint for Ktesiphon, dated AD 584, Gobl SN I/1
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Ruler's name & His Reign: Hormizd IV*, AD 579-590

Mint: WYHC for Ktesiphon
Metal & Denomination: silver drachm

Date: year 6 (AD 584)
Size: 33 X 31 mm. (broad flan)
Weight: 4.01 gr.

Obverse: bust of king right, star on left, star inside crescent right. Pahlavi legends.

Reverse: fire-attendants with crescent headdress; year on the left and the mint on the right of them.

References: Gobl SN I/1 (#200)

 

Notes: * Hormizd (also spelled Ōhrmazd, Hormozd) is the version of the name of the supreme deity in Zoroastrianism, known in Avestan as Ahura Mazda. The Old Persian equivalent is Auramazdā, while the Greek transliteration is Hormisdas.
Comments:

Hormizd IV (also spelled Hormozd IV or Ohrmazd IV) was the Sasanian King of Kings of Iran from 579 to 590. He was the son and successor of Khosrow I (r. 531–579) and his mother was a Khazar princess.

During his reign, Hormizd IV had the high aristocracy and Zoroastrian priesthood slaughtered, whilst supporting the landed gentry (the dehqan). His reign was marked by constant warfare: to the west, he fought a long and indecisive war with the Byzantine Empire, which had been ongoing since the reign of his father; and to the east, the Iranian general Bahram Chobin successfully contained and defeated the Western Turkic Khaganate during the First Perso-Turkic War. Jealous of Bahram's success, Hormizd IV had him disgraced and dismissed, which led to a rebellion led by Bahram, which marked the start of the Sasanian civil war of 589-591. Another faction, led by two other dissatisfied nobles, Vistahm and Vinduyih, had Hormizd IV deposed and killed, and elevated his son Khosrow II as the new king (shah).

Hormizd IV was noted for his religious tolerance, declining appeals by the Zoroastrian priesthood to persecute the Christian population of the country. Contemporary sources generally considered him to be a tyrannical figure, due to his policies. Modern historiography presents a milder view of him, and considers him a well-meaning ruler who strived to continue his father's policies, albeit overambitiously... for more on this king, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormizd_IV

价格 品种: 20102
US$ 60.00
  • € 50.14
  • £ 45.02
  • AUD 81.59
  • CHF 54.32
  • CAD 77.82

利率: 12/01/20

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