Celtic, North West Gaul. Unelli, ca. 70 to 60 BC. Silver 1/8 stater.

Ancient Coins - Celtic, North West Gaul.  Unelli, ca. 70 to 60 BC.  Silver 1/8 stater.
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Tribal origin : John Hooker believe this is an issue of theUnelli of North West Gaul (Normandy), traditionall associated as Baiocasses/Unelli, as per his notes below.  DT lists it as coin of the Aulerques Eburovices. 

Denomination : Silver 1/8 stater.

Date : ca. 70 to 60 B.C

Reference : This type is missing from most if not all major references.  It has just been suggested to us that this type may be DT 2426, however the only example of DT 2426 we have found an image of was sold on Hess-Divo auction lot 5 (October 2006, price realized 540 CHF) and while very similar there are some signficant differences in many features, and it is not the exact type.

Size : 15.0 x 15.8 mm.  Weight : 0.76 grams.

Grade : There is probably no actual wear on this coin, but it has the visual appearance of being gVF with minor faults including one small area along the edge where a bit of the metal is cracked and slightly bent up along the crack.

Obverse : Stylized head right.  For more details see John Hooker's discussion of it below.

Reverse : Chariot right.  For more details see John Hooker's discussion below.
MOU STATUS: at the time I am writing this, there are no MOU restriction on this type for import into the USA.

The following is a discussion of this coin written by John Hooker (Author of Celtic Improvisations, and owner of the CELTIC COIN INDEX ON LINE) .

A new silver eighth-stater of the Unelli.

John Hooker


North-western Gaul (Normandy)
Unelli (traditional attribution: Baiocasses/Unelli)
Ar. Eighth stater
Ca. 70-60 B.C.
Wt. O.76 g.
14-15mm.

Obverse:

Head r., boar(?) in hair and line with curved end containing bead(s?) above head1. Small ornamentation in front of mouth and two cords issuing from mouth, one arcing upward, the other downward. A curved ornament below the ear position consists of three lines at the top and a single small curl at the bottom.2

Reverse:

Chariot r., Horse�s head is a V shape with beads at the terminals. A lash consisting of a long curved line with small diagonal lines crossing issues from the pony�s head and connects to the chariot, which is represented by a curved line. The driver�s body is depicted by a reversed S shape and his head by a comma shape with a small bead for a mouth. Below the pony is a highly abstracted boar whose torso is indicated by three beads and whose head consists of two small commas with a question mark shaped line lying below. The boar�s legs are of the same V shape as the pony�s head.3

Discussion:

This coin is closely related to Class Ia, Ib and  II staters of the Baiocasses as catalogued by Brigitte Fischer4, however some important stylistic differences exist: the pony on these coins is human-headed and the driver�s arm extends to the pony�s neck where reins are indicated below the head. This depiction is typical to the coins of a number of Armorican tribes. The eye on the obverse is of a different style and is consistent on all of the coins in this hoard. Other, minor, differences might be due only to the small dies of the eighth stater.

Fischer also notes that the same dies are used for base gold and pure silver staters in the hoard. This is an unusual feature as most Armorican coins of this period are of either base gold or billon � silver is very rare. De Jersey5 discusses this saying �... we may question to what degree a pure silver coin was regarded as of lower value than one of base gold�

Three silver fractions were found in the second parcel of the Le Catillon hoard of DLT (BN) type 10402. The weight of the BN example is 0.84g, indicating an eighth of a stater weighing about 6.7g This type corresponds, roughly, to the Baiocasses staters where a lyre is substituted for a boar (BN 6983-6985). The weights of the lyre and boar types are similar although the lyre type has more heavy examples (with base gold examples existing above 7.8g.) and the boar type, more light. This could be due to the lyre type being somewhat earlier; the lyre and boar types being regionally apart.6 The minimum weight of the boar type of billon stater in the Villequier hoard analyzed by Fischer was 4.78g.

Another Baiocasses eighth stater is illustrated by A. L. T. McCammon7, No. 1610 of the third lot from Le Catillon.8, but this has a small head below the pony and, again, an obverse head of typical Baiocasses style albeit rather simplified. This coin is listed by Katherine Gruel and Alain Taccoen as a �petit billon�9 along with the other two of the same type in the hoard.10

Conclusion:

It would appear that the eighth stater that is the subject of this study is hitherto unpublished and likely unique and is attributed to the Unelli. The repeated V shape of the pony�s head and most especially the boar�s legs connects it to the Unelli staters (Series Z). The design of the pony sets it apart from all other Baiocasses issues, although it bears some similarities to the petit billons cited above. Considering that the pony style (apart from its unique V shaped head) is typical of the coins of many tribes, this feature is of little use other than setting it apart from the other Baiocasses coins and the petit billons with the Baiocasses-like head might, themselves, belong to another tribe.


1-See fraction of lyre type illustrated in Philip de Jersey, Coinage in Iron Age Armorica, Studies in Celtic Coinage, Number 2 Oxford Committee for Archaeology, Monograph 39. Oxford, 1994, Figure 57i, reported by E Lambert, Essai sur la numismatique gaulois du Nord-Ouest de la France, II, D�rache, Paris, 1864

2-This device is used on Coriosolite staters of  Series Y, Group H2 as a mouth ornament

3- This V shape is used for the legs of the boar on Gallic War period billon staters of the Unelli (Series Z, formally attributed to the Coriosolites) and might be a proto-legend standing for �Unelli�: John Hooker, Celtic Improvisations: An Art Historical Analysis of Coriosolite Coins, BAR International Series 1092, Archaeopress, Oxford, 2002.

4-Un nouveau tr�sor de stat�res ba�ocasses in M�langes offerts au Docteur J.-B. Colbert de Beaulieu, Le L�opard d�Or, Paris, 1983, p.357-363

5- op. cit. p. 113

6- ibid, p.112

7- Currencies of the Anglo-Norman Isles, Spink, London, 1984, Fig 10i.

8- Colbert de Beaulieu, J.-B., Un troisi�me lot de la r�colte de Jersey-11. Revue Belge de Numismatique, 105, 1959, 49-57

9- Petit num�raire de billon �mis durant et apr�s la conqu�te romaine dans l�Oueste de la Gaule, in: Celtic Coinage: Britain and Beyond. BAR British Series 222, Tempus Reparatum, Oxford, 1992, p.165-188.

10- CB 55, no. 1609-1611.

价格 品种: vcoin4886
US$ 850.00
  • € 686.48
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  • CHF 822.13
  • CAD 1,071.32

利率: 04/20/18

发货从: Canada